|People living with HIV/AIDS in 2009||33.3 million||31.4-35.3 million|
|Adults living with HIV/AIDS in 2009||30.8 million||29.2-32.6 million|
|Women living with HIV/AIDS in 2009||15.9 million||14.8-17.2 million|
|Children living with HIV/AIDS in 2009||2.5 million||1.6-3.4 million|
|People newly infected with HIV in 2009||2.6 million||2.3-2.8 million|
|Adults newly infected with HIV in 2009||2.2 million||2.0-2.4 million|
|AIDS deaths in 2009||1.8 million||1.6-2.1 million|
|Orphans (0-17) due to AIDS in 2009||16.6 million|
statistics from Avert
|The number of people living with HIV rose from around 8 million in 1990 to 33 million by the end of 2009. The overall growth of the epidemic has stabilized in recent years. The annual number of new HIV infections has steadily declined and due to the significant increase in people receiving antiretroviral therapy the number of AIDS-related deaths has also declined.|
HIV prevention should be comprehensive, making use of all approaches known to be effective rather than just implementing one or a few select actions in isolation. Successful HIV prevention programs not only give information, but also build skills and provide access to essential commodities such as condoms or sterile injecting equipment. It should be remembered that many people don’t fit into only one “risk category”. For example, injecting drug users need access to condoms and safer sex counseling as well as support to reduce the risk of transmission through blood.
HIV can be transmitted in three main ways:
For each route of transmission there are things that an individual can do to reduce or eliminate risk. There are also interventions that have been proven to work at the community, local and national level.1
Wherever there is HIV, all three routes of transmission will take place. However the number of infections resulting from each route will vary greatly between countries and population groups. The share of resources allocated to each area should reflect the nature of the local epidemic - for example, if most infections occur among men who have sex with men then this group should be a primary target for prevention efforts.How can HIV transmission be prevented?